B. Factual Background
The underlying facts of defendant’s case are accurately set forth in paragraphs 14 through
36 of the Presentence Report (hereafter “PSR”).
Defendant Payne has a long history of opposing the authority of the federal government.
In 2013, Payne cofounded Operation Mutual Aid (OMA). The purpose of OMA was to create a
network of militiamen to respond to situations involving conflict with the government and law
enforcement. In 2014, OMA issued a formal call to action for militia forces to respond to
Bunkerville, Nevada, to support the Bundy family’s conflict with the Bureau of Land
Management (BLM). In April of 2014, Payne traveled to Nevada and was named “Militia
Coordinator” for the Bundy family. He recruited and organized armed militia groups to
respond to the confrontation with the BLM.
After BLM suspended the impoundment action, Payne and others cited the events in
Bunkerville, Nevada, as a significant victory for their movement and evidence that the federal
government lacked authority to manage federal lands.